Tooth decay is damage that occurs when a combination of bacteria, plaque and acids in your mouth “eat away ” your tooth causing a hole in the tooth called “cavity”or “caries”. Tooth decay may initially be symptomless , however as it gets deeper into the tooth , it can cause symptoms such as sensitivity to cold, heat and sugary foods and pressure when chewing. Most cavities if picked up early by a regular dental examination need simple, cost effective and less invasive treatment in the form of placing a filling.
Composite fillings are the most common fillings of choice due to their strength and natural appearance.
Root Canal Treatment :
Cavities if left untreated, go deeper to the nerve of the tooth, causing symptoms like pain and swelling. Trauma to a tooth can also result in nerve damage .
A root canal treatment is done in an attempt to save the tooth, the other option being extraction . A root canal treatment involves gently removing damaged tissue and nerves of the tooth, followed by cleaning and sealing of the canals of the tooth, and a filling to protect it from bacteria.
Veneers are excellent in treating chipped or discoloured front teeth or for closing gaps between front teeth. They are thin, tooth colored shells that are shaped to enhance the appearance of your front teeth and improve your smile. Veneers are either made of porcelain or direct composite resin (filling material).
Crowns are indicated to strengthen and rebuild a weak tooth, a tooth that is heavily filled or to strengthen a previously root canal treated tooth. They are also used for cosmetic purposes to modify the shape and/or colour of your front teeth.
Crowns are made in porcelain or gold.
A bridge is one of the fixed options for replacing missing teeth, (the other options being implants /dentures). It uses the support of the teeth on both sides of the missing tooth/teeth to fill in the gap left by the missing tooth/teeth.